Critical Care Transport



Critical Care Transport is a hospital-based, inter-facility transport program for patients in the United States and worldwide who require transport from one medical facility to another. Launched in 1983 in Birmingham, Ala., Critical Care Transport has served more than 48,000 patients to date. Jet aircraft-based intensive care units provide advanced support during long-distance transports. For local transports, Critical Care Transport utilizes three mobile intensive care unit (ICU) vehicles that maintain sophisticated, uninterrupted ICU care. Patients do not have to be going to or from UAB Hospital.

Critical Care Transport is available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Complete arrangements for bedside-to-bedside transport – including ground transportation before and after air trips – are made by the Critical Care Transport coordinator. All coordinators are registered nurses or registered respiratory therapists.

One twin-engine jet is available at all times for immediate dispatch with the most appropriate transport team based on the patient's requirements. Other aircraft are available for long-distance or international transports. Three large, ground-based mobile ICU vehicles are used for local transports within approximately 125 miles of Birmingham.

Each adult medical transport team includes an ICU registered nurse (RN) and a registered respiratory therapist, and physicians are available 24/7. Each team member is specially trained in aeromedical physiology. For neonatal patients, a neonatal nurse practitioner or neonatal ICU RN and respiratory therapist will be part of the transport care team.

Critical Care Transport’s onboard medical capabilities include:
  • Ventilator management
  • BiPAP
  • End-tidal CO2 monitoring
  • Heliox
  • High-flow oxygen
  • Nitric oxide (adult and neonatal)
  • Neonatal high-frequency ventilation
  • Laboratory analysis
  • Intra-aortic balloon pump
  • Ventricular assist devices
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) management and cannulation
  • Intra-cranial pressure monitoring
  • Transvenous pacing
  • Hypothermia management
Critical Care Transport has been accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Medical Transport Systems (CAMTS) since 1999. CAMTS is an international peer review organization that promotes voluntary compliance with standards that serve its two highest priorities: quality air medical and ground patient care, and safety of the transport environment. CAMTS accreditation is a mark of excellence recognized by federal and state agencies as well as private organizations. CCT has been featured in the last five CAMTS Best Practices publications.