Bone Marrow Biopsy

Bone marrow biopsy is a procedure that involves taking a small amount of bone marrow fluid (aspiration) and/or solid bone marrow tissue (called a core biopsy), usually from the hip bones. The marrow is examined for the number, size, and maturity of blood cells and/or abnormal cells. Bone marrow is an organ of the human body located inside the bones. It is responsible for forming blood for the body, among other functions. Examination of the bone marrow helps in the evaluation of overall bone marrow health and helps in the diagnosis and staging of blood diseases, especially the leukemias and lymphomas. A biopsy also may be taken to assess fever of undetermined origin and to detect various storage and infiltrative disorders. Patients are carefully assessed before they have a bone marrow biopsy. Additional sedation may be used if needed. After a hip procedure, patients will lie on their back for 10 to 15 minutes to apply pressure to the biopsy site to keep it from bleeding. The procedure site will be a little tender for a few days. Patients should avoid lifting heavy items.


The UAB Medicine Leukemia Clinic utilizes state-of-the-art technology to screen for and treat leukemia. Our physicians are nationally recognized for their expertise and innovation in the field, and our research team is dedicated to improving treatments and, ultimately, finding a cure for these diseases. Because we are part of the O'Neal Comprehensive Cancer Center at UAB’s nationally recognized research programs, our patients may be eligible for medicines and treatments not available at other institutions in the region. Our Comprehensive Cancer Center is nationally recognized as one of the best in the country and is a leader in bone marrow transplantation. UAB Medicine's Bone Marrow Transplant Program is the only one in the state and has achieved a high level of success, even with difficult diagnoses.

A diagnosis of cancer can be stressful for patients, so we provide a nurse navigator to help organize your visit. The program streamlines your introduction to UAB Medicine by arranging for your medical records, setting your appointments, and guiding you through the process. This allows your treatment team to deliver more efficient care.






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UAB is an active participant in research and clinical trials. We encourage you to speak to your physician about research and clinical trial options and browse the link below for more information.

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