Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that originates in the male testes, or testicles, which are part of the male reproductive system and responsible for producing sperm and hormones. These two organs typically are a little smaller than golf balls in adult males and are contained within a sac-like pouch called the scrotum, which hangs beneath the base of the penis. Considered the most common cancer in American males ages 15 to 34, this highly treatable and highly curable form of cancer also can occur in middle-aged and older men. Testicular cancer can occur in one or both testicles. Malignant or cancerous cells usually form in germ cells, which are the cells responsible for reproduction. An undescended testicle (common among infants born prematurely) can increase a man’s risk of developing testicular cancer, as can testicle abnormalities and a family history of this type of cancer.


U.S. News & World Report consistently ranks UAB Urology among the top 50 programs of its kind in the nation, and we are widely recognized for delivering excellent genitourinary cancer care. Our medical and surgical specialists have undergone extensive training in their areas of expertise, and they are active leaders in their fields.

UAB surgeons perform many urologic procedures using minimally invasive techniques, which require only small incisions (cuts). UAB regularly uses the new da Vinci SP Single Port Surgical System, which enables surgeons to enter the body through a single abdominal incision before deploying the robot's surgical instruments. This innovative design helps improve patient outcomes and recovery times and is particularly beneficial in cancer treatment procedures, as surgeons can now access narrower spaces with better accuracy. The da Vinci SP is the only robotic system approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for urologic surgery and is well-suited for procedures involving prostate cancer, bladder cancer, ureteral reconstruction, ureteral re-implant, and much more.






UAB is an active participant in research and clinical trials for Testicular Cancer. We encourage you to speak to your physician about research and clinical trial options and browse the link below for more information.

View Clinical Trials