Laryngeal Cancer

Laryngeal cancer is cancer that forms in the tissues of the larynx, or "voice box." The larynx, one of the organs that permits human speech, is located below the throat in the neck near the trachea, or windpipe. The larynx contains vocal cords, or folds, that vibrate and make sound when air is directed against them. The sound echoes through the throat, mouth and nose to form a person's voice. Most laryngeal cancers begin in a part of the larynx called the glottis, where the vocal cords are located. While laryngeal cancer is somewhat rare, smoking, tobacco use or excessive alcohol use increases the risk, and those older than 50 also are at increased risk.


Outstanding patient care is the primary focus of the UAB Medicine Head and Neck Oncology program. As a national leader in head and neck cancer treatment, we offer a number of surgical and nonsurgical treatment options for benign and malignant tumors. A multidisciplinary team approach is emphasized, combining the skills of head and neck surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, plastic and reconstructive surgeons, neurosurgeons, cardiothoracic surgeons, and speech and language pathologists.
A multispecialty tumor board meets weekly to discuss treatment options for patients with new and recurrent disease. A comprehensive patient support network is in place and often functions as the first line of contact for patients during treatment and post-treatment follow-up. 
Our Virtual Multidisciplinary Clinic allows patients to come from a distance and have much of their initial assessment done in one day, often avoiding multiple visits to multiple doctors.

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UAB is an active participant in research and clinical trials for the diagnosis and treatment of laryngeal cancer. We encourage you to speak to your physician about research and clinical trial options and browse the link below for more information.

View Clinical Trials